THC is the compound found in this plant that is actually responsible for the “high” effect that the user feels while using this substance. There are lots of other drugs also that are produced from the plant. Marijuana is one of the most common forms. It is a mixture of dried flowers, leaves, stems, and seeds of the plant. The substance is generally green or grayish in color. It is primarily smoked using joints, blunts, and bongs, but sometimes it is infused in drinks or foods also.
Marijuana addiction occurs when the body is physically dependent on that drug and craves it. In this case, a person may feel as though they need to smoke to survive and will continue using this drug despite experiencing its negative effects. A person using it generally builds up a tolerance over time that is why they use more quantity to experience the same effects. And the brain adjusts to having a definite quantity of having THC.
Effects Of Marijuana
The primary effects that common with the person using it are:
- Addiction, anxiety
- Decreased life satisfaction
- Dry mouth, hallucinations
- Increase in blood pressure, breathing rate, heart rate
- Lock of perception and memory loss
- Psychosis, red eyes, respiratory problems, sexual problems, and many more
Long-term use of marijuana can cause a possibility of damage to the brain. Especially for people who have started using it before adulthood. It can also cause cognitive impairment, severity, and duration depending on the age of the person. There are more researches going on for how far THC can damage the body and mind of a person.
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The duration of the above-mentioned effects depends on how much of the quantity consumed and the amount of THC in it. A marijuana overdose can be life-threatening when the person uses it with prescription opioids. These have severe and life-threatening overdose symptoms, so if one suspects an overdose of more than just marijuana immediately call 911. Some signs can indicate that one person has developed a marijuana addiction:
- Craving of marijuana
- Giving up other important activity
- Spending time to get and use the drug
- Trying but not able to cut back the use of marijuana
- Using it in a situation that could be problematic or dangerous
- Using it in spite of its hampering work, school, relationship, etc.
How To Help a Person Who Is Addicted To Marijuana
If you realize the person is addicted to marijuana, you should not ignore it, take the action right away. Try talking to the person about their marijuana problem, the risk related to it, and how it can affect them mentally and physically. Do not confront or accuse them. Be honest and compassionate. Try cutting their financial assistance, as that’s the way the person is buying and using it. Try getting professional help if you find the situation is complicated and you cannot handle it. Professionals are specialists and will be able to help you with the assessment that is it just marijuana abuse or addiction. Depending on the assessment, they can guide you about the best treatment plan and facility available for the person to get rid of addiction.
Marijuana Addiction Treatment
The rehab process may differ from one person to another. The first phase of the process is withdrawal. Depending on how long and how often the person has used marijuana; the severity of the withdrawal symptoms will vary. If the person has used it daily, the body becomes accustomed to receiving that THC level every day, so the body has to start adjusting to the lack of THC, which is a very difficult task. Withdrawal symptoms like the following are common.
- Anxiety, depression, chills, fatigue
- Headaches, insomnia, irritability
- Marijuana craving, mood swings
- Restlessness, sweating, etc.
These are not necessarily life-threatening but could be very hard to cope up with. Even one might need a detoxification program.
Inpatient And Outpatient Rehabilitation
There should be the proper program for the addicted person like appropriate counseling and therapy to address the underlying issue. This can be done with both an outpatient or inpatient program. An inpatient treatment facility will provide a complete drug-free and safe place focused on the recovery of the person. Depending on the facility, they will have different professionals available to ensure the situation of a person is best handled. This will be of great help as the person physically and mentally will get into a stable position so that to start with everyday life without marijuana.
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